There are a few places now left in the world where they still keep a sense of their adventure, unique cultural heritage, untouched landscape, real nomads, hospitable people, geography, and ecosystems. These make Mongolia one of the most interesting places to visit in the world.
Mongolia is a country of growing tourist interest since its communism collapsed down and its doors opened to the world. Mongolia is rich with places of natural beauties, and a visit to nomadic people, and their lifestyle makes it even gorgeous, as they have their traditions and style of earliest day reliantly unchanged.
Mongolia is a country with a remarkable variety of natural contrasts. Eternally snow-capped high Altai, Khangai and Khenty mountain ranges, rising high places above sea-level, neighbor with vast hilly Plains covered with highland plants and marshy coniferous forests, rolling steppes, Gobi deserts and semi-deserts and numerous clear-water lakes, rivers and with natural springs.
The territory of Mongolia is large; it is one of the untouched places that has no fences around and no crowded spots. It’s almost three times the size of France and more than 4 times the United Kingdom. Population of Mongolia is 30 times less than population of France, so that it is one the sparsely populated country in the World. It’s is only 2.8 million but half of them live in the beautiful countryside as truly nomads who herd livestock and keep their unique culture since Ancient times.
It has fabulous wide-open land of extreme climate with large seasonal temperature fluctuations and a low total annual rainfall, averaging about 220 mm per year and generally dry and hot in summer and cold in winter and extraordinary natural environment with breathtaking scenery, fascinating wildlife and wonderfully hospitable people. Mongolia is a land of 3 million horses, 42 million live stocks. Moreover, Mongolia is rich with flora and fauna such as more than 3000 species vascular plants, 927 lichens, 437 mosses, 875 fungi, and numerous algae have been recorded. Mongolia’s fauna includes 136 species of mammals, 476 birds, 8 amphibians, 22 reptiles, 75 fish, and numerous some wild animals in this country such as wild boars, brown bear, elk, musk deer, sable, Squirrel and moose in the northern forests and Argali (wild sheep) and ibex, lynx, Grey Wolf and rare snow leopard in the High Altai Mountains and Wild camel, Wild horse, Gobi bear, Black and white tailed gazelles in the steppe and Gobi desert.
Brief introduction to Mongolia:
Location: Mongolia is landlocked country in North East Asia, situated between Russia and China.
Area: 1.564.116 square km area, almost three times the size of France. It is the 6-th largest country in Asia and 18-th in the world. Totally border of country is 8,158 km passes exclusively through land. 3.485 km area is bordering with the Russian federation and 4.673 km is with the China. The distance between the country’s westernmost and easternmost points is 2.392 km and 1259 km from north to south.
Capital: Ulaanbaatar City, (Approximately 1.3 million people live). The country is divided into 21 administrative territorial units – Aimag, including 330-Soums.
Politics: Parliamentary democracy with president elected once in every four year, and parliament hall has with 76 members.
Economy: Free market economics, based on livestock, Agree culture, mining and Tourism.
Population: The population is around 3.2 million. Approximately 60% of which live in urban areas, 40% are truly nomadic. Mongolians can be subdivided into more than 20 different ethnic groups, which are scattered across the country. The majority of Mongolians are Khalkh, which accounts for over 90% of the total population mainly live in central, eastern and southern Mongolia. 4.3% Kazakhs in Western part of country and 4.7% ethnic groups such as Buryad, Oirat, Darkhat, and Tsaatan who live in eastern, western and northern Mongolia. The population is homogeneous, with Mongol-speaking people constituting 95% of the total. The only substantial non-Mongolia group, representing over 5% of the population, is the Kazaks, a Turkish-speaking people dwelling in the far west. Mongolia gives 1.6 persons per square kilometer area
Language: Mongolian (belongs an Altai language family); among the foreign language is an English widely spoken.
Religion: Shamanism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity exist in Mongolian. 90% Tibetan Buddhist Lamaism, also elements of Shamanism, 6% Muslim, mainly in the south-west and 4% Christianity.
Climate: Mongolia is cold, and dry. It has an extreme continental climate with long, cold winters and hot summers, during which most precipitation falls. Humid air from the Atlantic and pacific Oceans are blocked by the huge Central Asian mountain ranges. Average temperatures over most of the country are below freezing from November through March and are about freezing in April and October. It is + 20 C in summer, and – 25C in winter Mongolia is a sunny country with about 260 days of sunlight and home land of blue sky.
Altitude: Average is 1.586 meters above sea level. 80% of total territory is situated about 1000 meters above sea level. Highest point is 4,374 m above sea level named Huiten peak in Altai Mountain ranges. Lowest place is 560 m above sea level where is in eastern part of country.